Coulterville was established by gold miners in 1850 and grew to a population of several thousands during its 1850s-70s boom period. Coulterville's current population is 201. Coulterville has not been extensively developed for tourism but has a few amenities for visitors and a really nice collection of buildings from the 1850s. The Northern Mariposa County History Center is housed in a building which is attached to the ruins of the 1850s Coulterville hotel. It was not open when I visited but looked interesting. There are several operating businesses in the downtown historic district including an appropriately rowdy bar and a few shops. The Hotel Jeffery, in nicely restored 1850 building has recently re-opened. Tourist traffic on highway 49 really thins out south of Sonora which is a good reason to continue South and visit the less touristy, more authentic towns of Coulterville, Bear Valley, Mariposa and La Grange.