Coolidge is a very small town (population 95) on the dusty Western Kansas plains. The Highest historic population I can find for Coolidge is 472 in the census of 1890. This Hamilton County history claims that the population of Coolidge reached 1,800 in the late 1880s. In any case, the population of Coolidge fell quickly after 1890 and has never recovered. The 1880s boom in Coolidge was a result of railroad shops being located in town. Those facilities were subsequently moved to Syracuse Kansas. There are a few surviving stone buildings in Coolidge from it's 1880s boom period including the 1886 courthouse.